Morphological balance and desinential-inflection in deep and surface structure separation


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Sivas Cumhuriyet University, İlahiyat Fakültesi, Temel İslam Bilimleri Böl., Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Thesis Language: Turkish

Student: AHMET KILIÇ

Supervisor: Mehmet Ali Şimşek

Abstract:

In Arabic, words generally come in certain forms, and the vowel point of words vary depending on where they are in the composition. This shows that Arabic is a weighed and parsed language. Therefore, it would be appropriate for a scientific study on the Arabic language to focus on the subject of morphological balance which causes the weighing of words and the desinential inflection (i'rab) phenomenon that determines its place in the sentence. Both morphological balance and desinential inflection have caused many different views and hence problems in language studies. In our study, we tried to propose alternative solutions to some problems that arise in these two important issues within the framework of deep and surface structure separation. Our thesis consists of introduction, two chapters and conclusions. In the first part, firstly we focused on the word and its types, word derivation and sound changes in the word structure. Later, we tried to draw the conceptual framework of morphological balance and finished the chapter by talking about the problems related to morphological balance and alternative solutions within the framework of deep and surface structure separation. In the second part, we first tried to draw the conceptual framework of the desinential inflection phenomenon. Then we talked about the problems related to desinential inflection and suggested alternative solutions within the framework of deep and surface structure separation. We conclude our thesis with the results we have obtained about the problems related to morphological balance and desinential inflection, and alternative solutions within the framework of deep and surface structure separation.

KEYWORDS: Arabic language, morphological balance, İ'râb, deep structure, surface structure