Determination of Ongoing Symptoms, Quality of Life Levels, and Risk Factors in Post-COVID-19 Patients


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Akova İ. , Gedikli M. A.

Erciyes Medical Journal, vol.0, no.0, pp.512, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 0 Issue: 0
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/etd.2021.99825
  • Title of Journal : Erciyes Medical Journal
  • Page Numbers: pp.512

Abstract

Objective:  Studies  have  reported  that  most  post-COVID-19  patients  experience  post-disease  symptoms,  but  the  results  of these studies have not been interpreted correctly. The present study aimed to determine the ongoing symptoms  and quality of life levels in post-COVID-19 patients. Materials and  Methods:  This cross-sectional research was carried out with 151 post-COVID-19 patients in Turkey. A sociodemographic data form and the general quality of life scale EQ-5D-5L were used. Results:  Most of the participants completed outpatient COVID-19 treatment (93.4%). Of the participants, 84.7% had at least one post-COVID-19 symptom and 41.7% had six or more symptoms. Fatigue (70.9%), joint pain  (45.7%), and muscle pain (38.4%)  were  the  most  common  post-COVID-19  symptoms.  The longest-lasting  post-COVID-19  symptoms  were  hair loss (104.2±51.5  days), memory problem (101.9±53.3  days), and depression (96.3±48.6  days). The mean of the visual analog scale was 83.9±16.1 and lower in individuals  with six or more post-COVID-19 symptoms  (p=0.001).  In female participants,  post-COVID-19 symptoms increased by 2.7 times  (p=0.020). The prevalence of certain COVID-19 symptoms was significantly higher  in females  (loss  of  smell,  hair loss,  and heart  palpitation), those  aged 40 years  and older (intermittent fever), and obese individuals (heart palpitation and intermittent fever). Conclusion:  Considering that  post-COVID-19 symptoms  can be seen in patients with mild illness at  a high rate  and for  a long period of time, patient follow-up should be given importance especially for the females, elderly, and obese. Keywords:  Post-COVID-19, symptom assessment, quality of life, risk factors, patients