The effect of sorafenib in postoperative adhesion formation in a rat uterine horn model


Boztosun A., Ozer H., Altun A. , Kilickap S., Gulturk S., Muderris I. I. , ...More

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.39, no.3, pp.351-355, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Title of Journal : Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Page Numbers: pp.351-355

Abstract

Objective: Postoperative adhesions are a serious problem. In this study, we aimed to observe the effects of sorafenib in postoperative adhesions and, to examine the effects of sorafenib on tissue levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). Material and Methods: Twenty female Wistar albino rats were randomized into two equal groups; sorafenib group (sorafenib treated) and control group; then all rats underwent laparotomy. Adhesions were developed by scalping on the anti-mesenteric surfaces of the right uterine horns. After 14 days, adhesions were investigated by using macroscopic, histopathological and immunohistochemical (for VEGF and PDGF) methods. Results: The sorafenib group had lower scores of total adhesions [1 (0-2.5) vs 1.5 (1-4); p: 0.037], staining of VEGF [1 (0-1) vs 1 (1-3); p: 0.029] and PDGF [1(0-2) vs 2 (1-3); p: 0.006], and vascular proliferation [1 (0-2) vs 2 (1-3); p: 0.038] than the control group. Conclusion: The findings of the present study show that sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, significantly reduced postoperative adhesion formation. This effect may be explained by inhibition of VEGF, PDGF, and thus vascular proliferation.