The purpose of current study was to examine the possible involvement of captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, on nociception, morphine analgesia and morphine tolerance development involving inflammation and ER-stress pathways in rats. In this study, thirty-six male Wistar rats were used. Animals were divided into six groups: Saline, 50 mg/kg captopril, 5 mg/kg morphine, morphine + captopril, morphine tolerance and morphine tolerance + captopril. The resulting analgesic effect was measured with hot plate and tail flick analgesia tests. The dorsal root ganglions (DRG) tissues were collected for inflammation parameters, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and apoptosis proteins by using ELISA. Captopril showed anti-nociceptive effect when given alone (p < 0.05 to p < 0.01). In addition, captopril increased the analgesic effect of morphine (p < 0.05 to p < 0.001) and also decreased the tolerance to morphine at a significant level (p < 0.05 to p < 0.001). However, it decreased inflammation and ER-stress when applied with single-dose morphine and tolerance induction (p < 0.001). Moreover, captopril decreased apoptosis proteins after tolerance development (p < 0.001). In conclusion, captopril has antinociceptive properties, increasing analgesic effect of morphine, and preventing tolerance development. These effects may occur by suppressing inflammation and ER-stress pathways.