Effect of alloying elements on mechanical behaviour of Cu-Zn-Sn bronzes

TEKER T., Yllmaz S. O., Bulus E.

Materialpruefung/Materials Testing, vol.65, no.3, pp.313-321, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 65 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/mt-2022-0433
  • Journal Name: Materialpruefung/Materials Testing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.313-321
  • Keywords: fatigue life, hardness, microstructure, Sn-Cu bronzes, tensile strength
  • Sivas Cumhuriyet University Affiliated: Yes


The effect of Fe, P and Mn on microstructure and fatigue properties of CuZnSn bronzes investigated with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, hardness, tensile and fatigue tests. The addition of Fe, Mn and P to Cu-Zn-Sn bronzes formed Cu31Sn8, Cu6Sn5, ZnSn2, PbSnS2, ZnS, Cu2S, FeZn9 and FeZn21 phases. These phases were deposited between the dendrite arms and were dissolved in the matrix in small amounts. Especially, these precipitated phases were effective in fatigue properties. The formation of Cu-Sn, Cu-Zn and Zn-Sn intermetallic phases emitted due to the addition of Fe, Mn and P increased the fatigue strength. The spread of ferrous phases caused an increase in mechanical properties. The beneficial effect of P addition on the fatigue life far surpassed that of Mn and Fe additives.