Current Approaches to Scabies Treatment: Essential Oils


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Kahraman M., Ataş A. D.

4. ULUSLARARASI BİLİMSEL ARAŞTIRMALAR VE YENİLİKÇİ ÇALIŞMALAR SEMPOZYUMU, Balıkesir, Turkey, 13 - 16 March 2024, pp.438

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Balıkesir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.438
  • Sivas Cumhuriyet University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Scabies; It is a skin disease characterized by itching, caused by Sarcoptes scabiei hominis,

transmitted by direct contact. Epidemics occur from time to time due to various reasons such

as earthquakes, migration, hot/cold weather conditions, age, gender and socioeconomic level of

the individual. It is among the important diseases that may cause new epidemics, especially in

our country, which has received immigration in recent years. There has been a serious increase

in scabies cases, which is of great importance for public health, recently. Resistance to

permethrin used in treatment reduces the success rate of the treatment. Agents must remain in

the body for at least eight hours and must be reused if removed. Compliance with treatment

may decrease, especially in children. In this study, the keywords S.scabiei, scabies, essential

oils were scanned from databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and

studies starting from 2022 were compiled. In the light of the information obtained, studies on

tea tree oil, clove oil and lemongrass oil are prioritized in the treatment of S.scabiei. When the

content of these essential oils is examined, terpinen-4-ol, which has antimicrobial properties;

monoterpene derivative phenol compound carvacrol; In addition to its antimicrobial properties,

the phenolic molecule eugenol, which has analgesic and antioxidant properties obtained from

various plants such as cloves, cinnamon and bay leaves, and geraniol, another compound with

antioxidant, anti-cancer and neuroprotective activities, have been found to have an ovicidal

agent effect against the eggs of S.scabiei.

As a result, scabies infestations are an important public health problem for the whole world.

However, due to drug resistance, detailed studies in vitro and in vivo may open the door to new

drug candidates. According to the results of this review study, essential oils promise candidate

drugs in the treatment of scabies.

Keywords: Sarcoptes scabiei; scabies; essential oils

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