Experimental investigation of cooling performance with graphene based nano-fluids in a vehicle radiator

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Kılınç F., Buyruk E., Karabulut K.

Heat And Mass Transfer, vol.56, no.2, pp.521-530, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00231-019-02722-x
  • Journal Name: Heat And Mass Transfer
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chimica, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.521-530
  • Sivas Cumhuriyet University Affiliated: Yes


The cooling performance of a vehicle radiator was experimentally investigated using pure water, graphene oxide (GO) and graphene nano ribon (GNR) nano-fluids in this paper. Three different fluid inlet temperatures (36, 40 and 44 °C) and four different flow rates (0.6, 0.7, 0.8 and 0.9 m3 h−1 ) were performed in the experiments. GO and GNR nano-fluids were obtained at 0.01 and 0.02% vol. concentrations by means of pure water as a base fluid. In order to determine the heat transfer enhancement, the experimental datas were compared as overall heat transfer coefficients (U) for pure water and nano-fluids. The mean enhancement values of U for all temperatures were obtained as 5.41% and 26.08% for 0.01% and 0.02% vol. concentrations of GO/water nano-fluid and 15.62% and 20.64% for 0.01% and 0.02% vol. concentrations of GNR/water nano-fluid, respectively