Adsorption of Acid Violet 17 onto Acid-Activated Pistachio Shell: Isotherm, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies

Şentürk İ., Alzein M.

ACTA CHIMICA SLOVENICA, vol.67, no.1, pp.55-69, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.17344/acsi.2019.5195
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.55-69
  • Keywords: Acid Violet 17, adsorption, chemical activation, regeneration, Akaike's Information Criterion Test (AIC), AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS, SURFACE-AREA, WASTE-WATER, DYE REMOVAL, CARBON, BIOSORPTION, SORPTION, YELLOW, PHENOL
  • Sivas Cumhuriyet University Affiliated: Yes


The pistachio shell was modified using different chemical agents and utilized as an adsorbent for the adsorption of AV 17 dye in an aqueous solution. Maximum removal of 93.04% was obtained for pistachio shell activated with 10 NH2SO4 . The physicochemical properties of activated pistachio shell were characterized by pH(pzc), FTIR, BET, and SEM-EDX analysis. The results showed that the AV 17 adsorption capacity was positively correlated to the BET surface area. The best fit of kinetic data to pseudo-second-order kinetic was determined. The adsorption follows both the Langmuir and Temkin isotherms. The Langmuir adsorption capacity was determined to be 26.455 mg/g at the initial dye concentration of 160 mg/L. The endothermic nature of adsorption was confirmed by the acquired thermodynamic data. Maximum desorption of 97.33% was achieved in 0.2 M NaOH for AAPS in the first cycle. This is very important for the economic use of the adsorbent. The findings demonstrate that activated pistachio shell may be a good alternative for color removal from industrial effluents.