Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the inability of the fetus to grow and develop in the expected pattern. It occurs in about 5% of pregnancies and is associated with severe fetal mortality and morbidity. Affected infants are also highly vulnerable to diseases such as perinatal asphyxia, cerebral palsy, meconium aspiration syndrome, coagulation disorders, and immune system disorders that require long-term treatment. Apoptosis is thought to play a key role in the etiopathogenesis of IUGR. In conclusion, fetal complications are thought to be related to the severity of apoptosis in pregnancies complicated with IUGR.