Sulfotransferases (SULTs) play a significant role in the biotransformation of a variety of xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. SULTs are genetically polymorphic enzymes; to date, 12 human cytosolic SULT isoforms have been identified. This study investigated SULT1A1 and SULT1A2 gene polymorphism using a PCR-RFLP method (n = 303). The frequency of the SULT1A1*1 allele was 76.2% and SULT1A1*2 was 23.8%. The SULT1A1*3 allele could not be identified. The SULT1A2 frequencies were 69.2% (SULT1A2*1), 18.3% (SULT1A2*2), and 12.5% (SULT1A2*3). The SULT1A1 and SULT1A2 loci were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (SULT1A1 chi(2) = 0.58, P = 0.44; SULT1A2 chi(2) = 7.28, P = 0.06). Linkage analysis indicated a close linkage between these two genes (chi(2) = 5.31, P < 0.01); therefore, the statistical hypothesis that SULT1A1 and SULT1A2 alleles are independently distributed was rejected. Additionally, a strongly positive linkage was detected between SULT1A1*2 and SULT1A2*2 alleles in this population (D' = 0.79, chi(2) = 33.33).