This study was conducted to explore the value of transvaginal ultrasonographic cervical length measurement, in addition to gestational age, maternal age, parity, Bishop score, and weight of the newborn, in predicting the mode of delivery in pregnancies in which labor is induced with oxytocin at or beyond the 40th gestational week. A total of 73 pregnancies at 40 to 42 weeks of gestation were included. After labor was induced, 29 women delivered vaginally and 44 underwent cesarean section. These groups were compared with respect to possible predictive parameters of delivery outcomes. Student t test, Pearson's correlation analysis, and logistic regression analysis were used for statistical evaluation. Mean preinduction cervical length was 26.8 +/- 9.9 mm in the vaginal delivery group and 34.2 +/- 8.1 mm in the cesarean section group (P <.05). Mean maternal age, parity, and Bishop score were significantly higher and mean weight of the newborn was significantly lower in the vaginal delivery group. Cervical length measurements showed a significant negative correlation with Bishop scores (r=-.584; P <.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that Bishop score (likelihood ratio=.472; 95% confidence interval=.338-.658; P <.05) and weight of the new born (likelihood ratio=1.002; 95% confidence interval=1.00007-1.003; P <.05) were significant independent predictors of the route of delivery. According to the results of this study, maternal age, parity, Bishop score, cervical length, and weight of the newborn all might affect the mode of delivery after labor induction. Bishop score, although a subjective measure, must be considered an important component of preinduction evaluation.