Among the works of folk literature, one of the literary genres which attracts attention with its broad vocabulary and has an effective function in acquiring language is tale. Tales in which phrases, proverbs, idioms and reduplications are used efficiently in order to make telling vivid and effective carry. the stocks of oral culture through thousands of years and are the essential ones of language education process. The vocabulary of these tales that has a vital importance is also a hidden power of receptive and productive vocabularies of those who read and listen to them. This study aims to find out the vocabularies of the tales that have the highest possibility to be met, read and listened by the students in 100 Basic Works. With all of the elements of vocabularies in tale books chosen as samples, a common word pool has been established and every word, special name, reduplication, idiom and proverb are fixed separately. In the study, the elements of frequently used vocabulary are represented in lists, while the quantitative data of vocabulary are given. The relationship with the most commonly used vocabulary with the tale type is discussed and the role of the verbs in the vocabulary list on the formation of the tale fiction is also evaluated. From the vocabulary elements that were found, the contribution of the tales to children's vocabulary development is also discussed.