Syntheses of tetrahydroepoxy, O-allylic, O-prenylic, and O-propargylic tetrafluoronaphthalene derivatives, starting from 1-bromo-2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzene, are reported here for the first time. The O-substituted tetrafluoronaphthalene derivatives were designed and also synthesized via a one-pot nucleophilic substitution reaction in excellent yields, whereas the tetrafluorotetrahydroepoxynaphthalene derivate was synthesized via a reduction reaction in excellent yield. The chemical structures of all the synthesized molecules were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared spectroscopy, and high-resolution mass spectrometry techniques. In this study, a series of novel tetrafluoronaphthalene derivatives (2, 2a, 4-6) was tested toward several enzymes including alpha-glucosidase, acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and human carbonic anhydrase I and II (hCA I/II). The tetrafluoronaphthalene derivatives 2, 2a, and 4-6 showed IC50 and K-i values in the range of 0.83-1.27 and 0.71-1.09 nM against hCA I, 1.26-1.85 and 1.45-5.31 nM against hCA II, 39.02-56.01 and 20.53-56.76 nM against AChE, and 15.27-34.12 and 22.58-30.45 nM against alpha-glucosidase, respectively. Molecular docking calculations were made to determine the biological activity values of the tetrafluoronaphthalene derivatives against the enzymes. After the calculations, ADME/T analysis was performed to examine the effects on human metabolism. Finally, these compounds had antidiabetic and anticholinesterase potentials.