Background. Approximately 6.3 million Syrian people migrated to other countries due to war since 2011. There are more than 3.5 million Syrian people living in Turkey under temporary protection. Syrian people receive free health care in Turkey, including kidney transplantation. Our institution started a kidney transplantation program about 3 years ago. It is the first institution performing living, related kidney transplantation for Syrian patients with end-stage renal failure.