New world order and rethinking Walzer's understanding of justice


Karagöz Yeke Y. , Aktay M.

SOSİAL TƏDQİQATLAR elmi-analitik jurnal/SOCIAL RESEARCH scientific-analytical journal, vol.1, no.1, pp.64-89, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : SOSİAL TƏDQİQATLAR elmi-analitik jurnal/SOCIAL RESEARCH scientific-analytical journal
  • Page Numbers: pp.64-89

Abstract

Abstract. The most important result of the capitalist production process, which constitutes the main characteristic of today's world, has been the fact that it has created a world independent of 'value'. The only approach that has remained unchanged from antiquity to the present day is the search for a ‘fair order and a fair life’, regardless of the type of the changes. Many values that have undergone a change in meaning in this process will undoubtedly be re-evaluated and their contents will be reshaped. Undoubtedly, one of the effective philosophies that reconsider these values is Michael Walzer's approach to justice. Michael Walzer's understanding of justice can be examined based on the question of what constitutes a just society. The starting point of his understanding of justice is the criticism of the Rawlsian theory of fair distribution, idealist arguments, and philosophers who act upon the abstract human concept. According to him, the foundations of a just society cannot be understood in a utopian manner, but within the framework of the values reflected by common life and an appropriate plan. His understanding of justice is based on an egalitarian and pluralist argument in relation to contexts that are concrete. Equality, which is the basic concept of Walzer's understanding of justice, is not a norm. Although the concept of equality presents a variable or complex structure in the context of pluralism, there are many areas of justice within the system. In these areas, each set of goods has its own social meanings. Complex equality means maintaining the unique structures of these different fields. Walzer, who is aware of the difficulty of controlling power relations between the fields of justice, wants to regulate the power relations between the fields of justice such as money, political power, security, and membership in society. Our aim in this study is to examine Walzer's understanding of justice and his critiques of his understanding of justice in the new world order, which emerged in the context of power relations in contemporary philosophy by focusing on areas of justice and complex equality theory. Keywords: Justice, Justice Spheres, Society, Complex Equality