Amoebicidal activity of the rhizomes and aerial parts of Allium sivasicum on Entamoeba histolytica


Degerli S. , Berk Ş. , Tepe B., Malatyali E.

PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH, cilt.111, ss.59-64, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 111 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00436-011-2801-x
  • Dergi Adı: PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.59-64

Özet

Amebiasis is a severe illness caused by Entamoebachistolytica. The aim of this study is to evaluate the in vitro amebicidal activity of the rhizomes and aerial parts of Allium sivasicum, an endemic plant species from the flora of Turkey. Both extracts showed a time- and dose-dependent amebicidal action on the trophozoites. Among the extracts tested, rhizomes of A. sivasicum showed the strongest amebicidal effect on the trophozoites. In the presence of the rhizome extract at 2.0 mg/ml concentration, all of the trophozoites available in media have completely been killed within the 72nd hour. At 4.0 mg/ml extract concentration, all of the trophozoites available in media have completely been killed by the rhizome extract from the time of 24th hour. At 32.0 mg/ml extract concentration, 73.7% of the trophozoites were successfully killed by the extract within the first experimental hour. Aerial part extract at 4.0 mg/ml concentration completely killed the trophozoited within the 48th hour of the experimental procedure. At 8.0 mg/ml extract concentration, all of the trophozoites available in media have completely been killed by the aerial part extract from the time of 24th hour. At 32.0 mg/ml extract concentration, 67.7% of the trophozoites were successfully killed by the extract within the first experimental hour. These results suggest that the plant species evaluated here is a potential therapeutic drug for the treatment of Entamoeba infections, but it still needs to be evaluated quantitatively for determining the active phytochemicals.