Presentation of Socio-Scientific Subjects to Students by Using Argumentation Process

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Karakaş H.

Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi, vol.8, no.23, pp.409-427, 2020 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 23
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Title of Journal : Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.409-427


Real life problems in the socio-scientific structure are the issues that need to be considered and discussed from different perspectives in terms of their scientific aspect, the environment and the social structure that they affect. Individuals who gain experience with real-life knowledge can better adapt their knowledge to the problems they may encounter in daily life. The process of argumentation (scientific discussion) in the structuring of scientific knowledge and development of mental activities comes to the forefront in recent educational studies. This process begins with questioning of the claims made or defended by others and continues with the students' developing their own arguments, defending them and refuting counter claims. In this context, as the main aim of the study, the importance of presenting socio-scientific subjects to the students by utilizing argumentation process in science courses was investigated. The characteristic of the argumentation process is that individuals tend to support or refute arguments regarding the situations they are faced with. Thus, in the process of producing arguments, the socio-scientific situation is evaluated, examined and the problems encountered can be seen critically from someone else's point of view. Discussion of the dichotomous structure, inherent in socio-scientific topics, together with argumentation process will lead students to think actively, and they will interpret the events, develop arguments and produce applicable ideas.