Circular RNAs serve as miRNA sponges in breast cancer


MISIR S. , HEPOKUR C. , ALİYAZICIOĞLU Y., Enguita F. J.

BREAST CANCER, cilt.27, sa.6, ss.1048-1057, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Derleme
  • Cilt numarası: 27 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12282-020-01140-w
  • Dergi Adı: BREAST CANCER
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1048-1057

Özet

Circular RNAs are a large group of non-coding RNAs with a closed-loop structure. circRNAs play significant roles in many biological processes as miRNA sponges, regulators for gene transcription, combining with RNA-binding proteins and translation of protein. Nowadays, circRNAs have become a research hotspot in the field of cancer and molecular biology. Accumulating evidences have indicated that circRNAs participate in the initiation and development of various cancers such as breast cancer. Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, which is the most common malignancy in women. The incidence and mortality rates of breast cancer indicate that it is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. The goal of the present review is to introduce biogenesis, function characteristics and types of circRNAs, and also their biological functions on breast cancer, especially as miRNA sponges. Additionally, we discuss their use as a new therapeutic target for the treatment of breast cancer.