Dynamic interplay of depression, perfectionism and self-regulation on procrastination

Ozer B. U. , O'Callaghan J., Bokszczanin A., Ederer E., Essau C.

BRITISH JOURNAL OF GUIDANCE & COUNSELLING, vol.42, no.3, pp.309-319, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03069885.2014.896454
  • Page Numbers: pp.309-319


This study aimed at investigating the intercorrelation among affective, cognitive and behavioural components on procrastination. A total of 402 undergraduate students (115 males, 286 females, 1 not indicated) participated in the study. Students completed the General Procrastination Scale, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale, Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and Self-regulation Inventory. A constructed hypothesised model was tested by utilising path analysis. Overall, the analysis indicated that the model sufficiently explained the data. The findings showed the multicorrelation among the variables, ranging from 14 to 58. Squared multiple correlation coefficients (R-2) of procrastination revealed that endogenous and mediator variables explained 33% of the total variance in procrastination. The results demonstrated the importance of affect, cognition and behaviour on problematic delay referred to as procrastination.