Evaluation of genotoxic effects of sodium propionate, calcium propionate and potassium propionate on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa


Tuerkoglu Ş.

FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY, cilt.46, ss.2035-2041, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.fct.2008.01.043
  • Dergi Adı: FOOD AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2035-2041

Özet

The effects of different treatments with food preservatives, sodium propionate (SP), calcium propionate (CP) and potassium propionate (PP), on the cytology and DNA content of Allium cepa were investigated. Five concentrations of these additives - 1000, 1500, 2000, 2500, and 3000 ppm - were applied for 24, 48, and 72 h. All concentrations of these chemicals showed an inhibitory effect on cell division in root-tips of A. cepa and caused a decrease in mitotic index values. Additionally, all treatments changed the frequency of mitotic phases when compared with the control groups. These compounds increased chromosome abnormalities in test material. Among these abnormalities were C-mitosis, anaphase bridges, micronuclei, binucleated cells, stickiness, laggards, and chromosome breaks. The nuclear DNA contents decreased when compared with control groups. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.