IL-6 and IL-10 gene polymorphisms in patients with aggressive periodontitis: effects on GCF, serum and clinic parameters


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Gorgun E. P. , TOKER H. , KORKMAZ E. M. , POYRAZ Ö.

BRAZILIAN ORAL RESEARCH, cilt.31, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

Genetic variations observed in cytokines affect periodontitis susceptibility. The aim of this study was to investigate interleukin (IL)-6(-174) and IL-10(-597) gene polymorphisms in generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) patients. Also, we aimed to evaluate the effects of IL-6 and IL-10 gene polymorphisms on the clinical outcomes of non-surgical periodontal therapy and cytokine levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum. Fifty-three patients with GAgP and 50 periodontally healthy individuals were included in this study. Clinical parameters, GCF and blood samples were collected at baseline and at 6-week. Non-surgical periodontal therapy was performed in patients with GAgP. Gene analysis were determined by PCR-RFLP (polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism) and cytokine levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). GAgP patients showed significant improvement on clinical parameters after periodontal therapy (p<0.05). In the GAgP group, IL-6 GG genotype and G allele frequency were higher than in the control group. GCF IL-6 level was also significantly lower at 6-week in the GAgP group. Higher GCF IL-10 levels were observed in patients carrying the IL-6 GG genotype than in those carrying the GC+CC genotype at baseline. In conclusion, IL-6 (-174) and IL-10 (-597) gene polymorphisms were found to be associated with GAgP and genotype distribution did not affect the outcome of non-surgical periodontal therapy, while patients with IL-6 (-174) GG genotype had higher levels of GCF IL-10 levels.