The use of polyacrylamide-aluminosilicate composites for thorium adsorption


Baybaş D. , Ulusoy U.

APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE, vol.51, pp.138-146, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clay.2010.11.020
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED CLAY SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.138-146

Abstract

The adsorption of Th4+ ions was studied on composites of polyacrylamide (PAAm) with montmorillonite (Mt), clinoptilolite (Z) and zeolite Y (ZY), and after phytic acid (Phy) modification. The monolayer adsorption capacity was 0.33 and 0.65 mol kg(-1) for PAAm-Mt and PAAm-Mt-Phy, 0.07, 0.21 and 0.60 mol kg(-1) for Z, PAAm-Z and PAAm-Z-Phy, and 0.74, 0.89 and 1.18 mol kg(-1) for ZY, PAAm-ZY and PAAm-ZY-Phy. The enthalpy and entropy changes were positive for all adsorbents. The adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-second order model indicating that the rate controlling step was chemical adsorption by ion exchange. The reusability tests for five uses proved that the PAAm-Mt and PAAm-Z were reusable and complete recovery of the adsorbed ions was possible. ZY and the composites modified with Phy were not reusable. The presence of foreign metal cations did not influence the Th4+ adsorption. The adsorbed Th4+ onto the columns was effectively recovered with diluted HNO3. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.