Absolute ion hydration enthalpies from absolute hardness and some VBT relationships

KAYA S. , de Farias R. F.

CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS, vol.691, pp.169-171, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 691
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cplett.2017.11.015
  • Page Numbers: pp.169-171


In the present work, absolute hydration enthalpies are calculated from ion absolute hardness for a series of +1 and -1 ions. The calculated values are compared with those previously reported (Housecroft, 2017) [2] and relationships between V-m(-1/3) and absolute hardness are stablished. The following empirical equations have been derived, for cations and anions, respectively: Delta H-hyd degrees = -(9.645 eta(+) + 245.930) and Delta H-hyd degrees = -(64.601 eta(-) + 12.321). In such equations, eta(+) and eta(-) are the absolute hardness. It is shown that for d block monocations (Cu+, Ag+ and Au+), hydration enthalpy is closely related with Clementi effective nuclear charge by the equation: Delta H-hyd degrees = -(9.645 eta(+) + 245.930) (Z(eff)/(n - 1)), where n is the main quantum number. Furthermore, is shown that a typical VBT parameter (V-m(-1/3)) is related with eta(+) and eta(-) values and so, with the energies of the frontier orbitals, that is, is stablished a direct relationship between a structural parameter available by X-ray data and the energy of atomic/molecular orbitals. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.