The effect of sorafenib in postoperative adhesion formation in a rat uterine horn model


Boztosun A., Ozer H., Altun A. , Kilickap S., Gulturk S., Muderris I. I. , ...Daha Fazla

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology, cilt.39, ss.351-355, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 39 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Dergi Adı: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.351-355

Özet

Objective: Postoperative adhesions are a serious problem. In this study, we aimed to observe the effects of sorafenib in postoperative adhesions and, to examine the effects of sorafenib on tissue levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). Material and Methods: Twenty female Wistar albino rats were randomized into two equal groups; sorafenib group (sorafenib treated) and control group; then all rats underwent laparotomy. Adhesions were developed by scalping on the anti-mesenteric surfaces of the right uterine horns. After 14 days, adhesions were investigated by using macroscopic, histopathological and immunohistochemical (for VEGF and PDGF) methods. Results: The sorafenib group had lower scores of total adhesions [1 (0-2.5) vs 1.5 (1-4); p: 0.037], staining of VEGF [1 (0-1) vs 1 (1-3); p: 0.029] and PDGF [1(0-2) vs 2 (1-3); p: 0.006], and vascular proliferation [1 (0-2) vs 2 (1-3); p: 0.038] than the control group. Conclusion: The findings of the present study show that sorafenib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, significantly reduced postoperative adhesion formation. This effect may be explained by inhibition of VEGF, PDGF, and thus vascular proliferation.