Lung cancer is one of the most common mortal cancer types both for men and women. Several different biomarkers have been analyzed to reveal lung cancer prognosis pathways for developing efficient therapeutics and diagnostic agents. microRNAs (miRNAs) and pseudogenes are critical biomarkers in lung cancer and alteration of their expression levels has been identified in each step of lung cancer tumorigenesis. miRNAs and pseudogenes are crucial gene regulators in normal cells as well as in lung cancer cells, and they have both oncogenic and tumor-suppressive roles in lung cancer tumorigenesis. In this study, we have determined the relationship between lung cancer related oncogenes and miRNAs along with pseudogenes in lung cancer, and the results indicate their potential as biological markers for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. (C) 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.