Source-rock hydrocarbon potential of the Middle Triassic-Lower Jurassic Cudi Group units, eastern Southeast Turkey

Erik N. , Ozcelik O., Altunsoy M., Illeez H.

INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW, vol.47, no.4, pp.398-419, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.2747/0020-6814.47.4.398
  • Page Numbers: pp.398-419


The southern part of Southeast Turkey constitutes the northern margin of the Arabian plate. The region contains rock units ranging in age from Paleozoic to Mesozoic. The source-rock potential of the Middle Triassic-Lower Jurassic Cudi Group in the eastern part of Southeast Turkey was investigated. Samples were obtained from six wells (Cilesiz-1, B. Yolacan-1, G. Dincer-1, Camurlu-101, Camurlu-102, and Yolacan-3). The source-rock potential of these units was evaluated by organic-geochemical and petrographic analyses. Sediments have an average of 0.15% total organic carbon (TOC). Commonly, TOC is higher in carbonate-rich facies than in evaporitic deposits. TOC analyses of the Cudi Group shows that these formations are poor to moderale in organic matter. The SI (average 0.25 mgHC/gTOC), S2 (0.40 mgHC/gTOC) hydrogen index (HI) (average 235 mgHC/gTOC, oxygen index (OI) (average 231 mgCO(2)/gTOC), and Tmax (average 422 degrees C) values from the Rock-Eval pyrolysis indicate that the dominant organic matter consists of types II and III kerogen, which have gas generative potential. Production index (PI) values indicate samples containing secondarily migrated hydrocarbons. Optical investigation demonstrates that the organic matter is mainly amorphous (70-90%) and of marine origin, but includes small amounts of terrigenous organic matter (10-30%). Suggest that these beds probably do not constitute a source of liquid hydrocarbons but may represent a source of gas.