The Pamphilioidea represents a small superfamily of the phytophagous suborder Symphyta (Hymenoptera). Here, nearly complete mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) of three pamphilioid species: Chinolyda flagellicornis (Pamphiliidae), Megalodontes spiraeae and M. cephalotes (Megalodontesidae) were newly sequenced using next generation sequencing and comparatively analysed with the previously reported symphytan mitogenomes. A positive AT skew (0.013) and a negative GC skew (-0.194) were found in pamphilioid mitogenome, and a deviation from strand asymmetry was also observed in the PCGs encoded on both strands. Several gene rearrangement events were observed in four tRNA gene clusters (WCY, IQM, ARNS1EF and TP clusters), which have not been reported from symphytan mitogenomes to date. As the most parsimonious explanation, compared with the inferred insect ancestral mitogenome architecture, the occurrence of gene rearrangements in pamphilioid mitogenomes requires totally five evolutionary steps, including four transpositions and one inversion. The predicted secondary structures of tRNAs, rrnS and rrnL genes are mostly consistent with reported hymenopteran species. Phylogenetic analyses recovered the monophyly of superfamily Pamphilioidea and indicated the relationship Tenthredinoidea + (Pamphilioidea + (Cephoidea + (Orussoidea + Apocrita))) with strong nodal supports. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.