Protection of privacy during gynecological examination is one of the important ethical principles and invasion of body privacy can cause anxiety. This study was conducted in order to determine the relationship between the level of importance women attach to privacy and the level of anxiety. This descriptive-correlational study consisted of 349 women who applied to the obstetrics outpatient clinic of a university hospital to have gynecological examination. Data were collected using Body Privacy Scale for Gynecology and Obstetrics and State Anxiety Inventory. Before the gynecological examination, the high importance women attach to privacy in rights and all of them experienced anxiety. A positive relationship was found between the importance women attach to privacy and their anxiety levels. It was determined that the importance women attach to body privacy in these areas explained 16.3% of the total variance at the level of anxiety.