Flash pyrolysis of Silopi asphaltite in a free-fall reactor under vacuum


Sezer M., Bilgesue A. Y. , Karaduman A.

JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL AND APPLIED PYROLYSIS, cilt.82, ss.89-95, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 82 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2008
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jaap.2008.01.003
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL AND APPLIED PYROLYSIS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.89-95

Özet

Flash pyrolysis experiments on asphaltite samples were performed in a free-fall reactor under vacuum to determine the effects of pyrolysis temperature, feed rate and particle size. Maximum liquid yield of 13 wt.% was obtained in free-fall reactor under vacuum when the pyrolysis temperature was 700 degrees C, feed rate was 0.4 g min(-1) and particle sizes were between 0.075 and 0.250 mm. The liquid products obtained at various pyrolysis conditions were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometer (GC/MS) and liquid products were classified as following: C5-C10, C11-C 15, C16-C20 and C20+. The amount of saturated hydrocarbons decreased while the amount of unsaturated hydrocarbons increased with increase of temperature. While percent of C5-C10 unsaturated hydrocarbons continuously increased with increase of temperature, the percent of C11-C 15 unsaturated hydrocarbons increased up to 750 degrees C and then started to diminish. Functional group analysis of solid residue was carried out using Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR). The proximate analysis of solid residue indicated that percent of fixed carbon and ash increased with temperature. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.