The present study was undertaken to determine the Turkish people's cognitive level and perception on the concept of animal rights. For this aim, a sample of totally 2016 individuals was created from different groups of profession, age and gender. A questionnaire was developed for collecting data and was applied to participants in seven provinces representing geographical regions of Turkey. The survey was applied by interviewing with 2016 participants individually. The data obtained from questionnaire were analysed statistically and the results are given below: Those living in metropolitan (P<0.001), and over the age of forty (P=0.002), with incomes over 1.000 Turkish Liras per month (P=0.015), women (P<0.001) and teachers (P<0.001) are showed more positive attitude towards animal rights than the other demographic groups. Positive attitude towards animals is also increased with the increase in educational level (P=0.005).