Updated checklist of Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) of Turkey with ten new records


Korkmaz Ç., Alten S. B. , Erol U. , Deniz A.

Journal Of Vector Ecology, vol.46, no.2, pp.1-13, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : Journal Of Vector Ecology
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-13

Abstract

We  investigated  the  Culicoides  fauna  in  Turkey  during  the  years  2016-2019  in  the  process  of  entomological 

surveillance  for  arboviral  diseases.  The  entomological  survey  was  conducted  at  104  sampling  stations  in  51  provinces  in 

Turkey during four consecutive years. There were approximately 450,000 specimens and 59 identified species collected during 

the surveillance. Ten species were newly recorded for Turkey: C. chiopterus, C. grisescens, C. paradoxalis, C. santonicus, C. 

poperinghensis, C. sergenti, C. tbilisicus, C. comosioculatus, C. haranti, and C. univittatus. Identification of C. chiopterus and 

C. grisescens was confirmed using species-specific PCR and DNA sequencing. With our recent findings,  previous data were 

critically reviewed and updated, and the number of Culicoides species has been increased to 71 for Turkey. The presence of C. 

chiopterus has particular importance due to its potential vector status for bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus 

(SBV). This study presents result of the first large-scale integrated faunistic survey on  Culicoides species in Turkey.