Mechanism of relaxation induced by nicotine in normal and ovalbumin-sensitized guinea-pig trachea


Cevit O. , Bagcivan I. , Sarac B. , Parlak A., Durmus N., Kava T.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, vol.567, pp.149-154, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 567
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ejpliar.2007.03.049
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.149-154

Abstract

Nicotine is an irritant molecule in the cigarette that contributes airway hyper-reactivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of these effects and effects of nicotine on the isolated trachea preparations from control and ovalbumin-sensitized guinea-pigs. Nicotine (3 x 10(-5) to 3 x 10(-4) M) produced concentration-dependent relaxation on isolated trachea preparations precontracted by carbachol (10(-6) M) in both groups. We found that the relaxant effect of nicotine decreased in the presence of N(w)-nitro L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (10(-6) M), and hexamethonium (10(-2) M) but not in the presence of alpha-bungarotoxin (10(-3) M), and tetrodotoxin (3.1 x 10(-6) M) in isolated trachea preparations in both groups. The relaxant effect of nicotine was less significant in isolated trachea preparations from ovalbumin-sensitized guinea-pigs than from control guinea-pigs (P < 0.05). The contractions elicited by carbachol (10(-6) M) were not significantly different in the ovalbumin-sensitized group than in the control group. Nicotine (10(-4) M) Significantly increased the cGMP levels in trachea preparations compared with the control preparations. (P < 0.05). These results suggest that nicotine-induced relaxation response in normal and ovalbumin sensitized guinea-pigs trachea is at least in part mediated by nitric oxide (NO) since it was significantly reduced in the presence of L-NAME. The decreased relaxation response to nicotine in ovalbumin sensitized guinea-pigs trachea may be due to impaired production and/or liberation of NO. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.