This study presents the fabrication and characterization of composite materials of hydroxyapatite and aluminum oxide. Hydroxyapatite powder was obtained from bovine bones via conventional calcination routine. Although hydroxyapatite shows great biocompatibility with the human body, its applications are limited to non-load bearing areas. For this purpose, fine powders of hydroxyapatite/alumina were admixed with 1 and 5 wt.% yittria. Powder-compacts were sintered by two-step sintering route by increasing temperature to 1550 degrees C for 2 h and then sintering at 1450 degrees C for 4 h. The effect of increasing yittria content on sintering behavior and mechanical properties was investigated in biocomposite hybrid materials.