Effects of cooking methods on chlorophylls, pheophytins and colour of selected green vegetables


Turkmen N., Poyrazoglu E., Sari F. , Velioglu Y.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.41, ss.281-288, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 41 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2005.01061.x
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.281-288

Özet

The effect of microwave and conventional cooking methods on chlorophyll pigments and colour properties of squash, green beans, peas, leek, broccoli and spinach were studied, by HPLC and colorimetry, respectively. In five of six vegetables, chlorophyll a was found more heat resistant compared with chlorophyll b, except in peas. Chlorophylls in peas were retained to the 80-90%, the highest in all vegetables evaluated. Chlorophylls were retained to 19-100%, depending on the vegetable type and cooking method. Pheophytins increased in all vegetables after cooking. Highest chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b losses were observed in boiled leek while microwaved peas and boiled peas retained the most chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b, respectively. Pheophytin a and pheophytin b formation was highest at boiled squash and boiled green beans, which were fifty-ninefold and twenty-onefold compared with fresh ones, respectively. Most of the pheophytin formations occurred in boiled and the least in microwaved vegetables. Surface colour changed depending on the type of vegetable and cooking method.