Purpose Understanding the effect of contraceptive use on high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) positivity may provide information that is valuable to women in contraceptive decision-making. This study includes women aged 30-65 years who admitted to Family Planing outpatient clinic and have hrHPVDNA positivity. Methods We included a total of 801 women. All participants underwent national cervical cancer screening using HPV screening test conducted by the Cancer Control Department of the Ministry of Health. They completed a questionnaire on demographic information and potential risk factors. Results The HPV DNA positivity rate among all participants was 8.4%. The two most common HPV genotypes were HPV16 and HPV51. Meanwhile, hrHPV infection was associated with age, marital status, smoking status, and contraceptive method. Conclusion HPV is the most common cause of sexually transmitted diseases. Understanding about the reproductive and demographic characteristics affecting HPV persistence is crucial. The effect of contraceptive methods on HPV positivity is important information that is necessary to be relayed to women by healthcare professionals.