This study aims at analyzing secondary school students' achievement goal orientations and metacognitive awareness of reading strategies in terms of such variables as their school class, gender and the educational background of their parents and learning the correlation between their achievement goal orientations and metacognitive awareness of reading strategies. A relational screening model was used to conduct the research. A total of 618 students attending three different secondary schools in central Sivas participated in the study. The research data was collected using the Achievement Goal Orientations Scale and Metacognitive Awareness Inventory of Reading Strategies. The arithmetic average, standard deviation, Mann-Whitney U Test, Kruskal-Wallis Test and Spearman-Brown correlation coefficient were used in the course of analyzing the survey data. The research results showed that the students' achievement goal orientations and metacognitive awareness of reading strategies differ significantly in terms of their class and gender. In terms of the educational background of their parents, no difference was found out in the sub-dimension of metacognitive awareness of reading strategies, while a difference was seen in the sub-dimension of their achievement goal orientations.