The Inscription Writen by Hussain Avni: Enquiry and Assessment


HITIT THEOLOGY JOURNAL, vol.20, no.1, pp.405-432, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.14395/hid.864529
  • Title of Journal : HITIT THEOLOGY JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.405-432


Hussain Awni from Arapkir, one of the leading scholars of the last era, received his first education from his father and the scholars of the region where he was born and raised (Malatya and its vicinity). Later, he continued the lectures of Hussain Husnu Efendi from Bayburt and Shaykh al-Islam Omar Lutfi Efendi, one of the professors of Beyazit Madrasa, and became one of the certified students of both. Hussain Awni, who stands out with his contributions to the science of kalam and hadith, is one of the distinguished people who attended the serenity with the participation of state officials lessons held in the council of the sultan every year in Ramadan. Although he wanted to interrupt his educational activities to compile work for a period, he could not stand the insistence of his students and continued to teach. According to the information available, Hussain Awni continued his educational activities in Beyazit Mosque and Laleli Mosque, and as a result of these lecture rings, he gave approval to two different student groups and was, therefore, a respectable person who was awarded an official state order. Hussain Awni worked as a teacher in official educational and administrator in official educational institutions in the last periods of the Ottoman Empire, became a member of educational commissions and after the establishment of the Republic, he gave lectures on the history of kalam and hadith at the Darulfunun Theology Faculty. Hussain Awni, who spent the remaining 20 years of his life alone with his books after retiring from the Faculty of Theology in 1934, passed away in 1954 and was buried in the Edirnekapi Martyrdom. In the words of M. Hazmi Tura, one of his close students, Hussain Awni was defined as "a complete asceticism and taqwa with a strong memory and an expeditious transition". According to the information provided by the Encyclopedia of Islam, he authored a total of five works, three of which on syntax (nahv), one on kalam, and one on morality. Apart from this, according to a master's thesis about him, there are five different unpublished works on hadith science of hadith and his articles published in various journals, mostly in the field of kalam, are mentioned.