This paper presents the kinetics study of dry ball milling of calcite and barite minerals. The experimental mill used was a laboratory size of 209 nun diameter, 175 mm length, providing a total 3 mill volume of 6001 Cm, with a total mass of 5.6 kg of steel balls of 46, 26 and 12.8 mm diameter, so as to occupy 20% of the mill volume and with a speed of rotation of 74 rpm. The breakage parameters were determined by using the single sized feed fractions of - 850 + 600, - 600 + 425, - 425 + 300 and - 300 + 212 gm for calcite and - 850 + 600, - 600 + 425, - 425 + 300 gm for barite mineral. The Si (specific rates of breakage) and B-ij (primary breakage distribution) values were obtained for those feed size fractions in order to predict the product size distribution by simulation for comparison to the experimental data. As the feed size fractions become coarser, the Si values increase. The highest Si value obtained for calcite was 0.86 min(-1) for the - 850 + 600 gm feed fraction, while it was 0.42 min(-1) for the - 300 + 212 mum feed when 26-mm ball sizes were used in the mill. The ball size effect was also investigated against the Si values in where the Si value increases when the ball sizes become smaller. The Bij values remained essentially the same for each feeds; the average of phi, gamma and beta values for all feed sizes of calcite were 0.65, 0.95 and 4.40, respectively. On the other hand, the highest Si value obtained for barite was 0.99 min(-1) for the - 850 + 600 mum feed fraction, while it was 0.66 min(-1) for the feed size fraction of - 425 + 300 mum when 26-mm ball sizes were used in the grinding mill. The Bij values also remained unchanged for each feeds; phi, gamma and beta values of barite for the average of all sizes Were obtained to be 0.69, 0.81 and 3.94, respectively. The simulations of the product size distributions of both calcite and barite minerals were in good agreement with the experimental data using a standard ball mill simulation program. The slowing down effect was seen in the mill after 4 min of grinding for calcite and after 2 min of grinding for barite. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.