Depictions of the Ottomans in the French Engravings After the Second Siege of Vienna


KIRIKCI E.

ART-SANAT, cilt.13, ss.261-291, 2020 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

Özet

The European perception of the Ottomans, as an opposite entity and identity, is a topic that has been studied by many scholars and from several perspectives. The present paper investigates this issue too. The seven almanacs with engravings of the collection Michel Hennin: Estampes Relatives a l'Histoire de France found at the Bibliotheque National de France constitute the primary sources that are examined here. These engravings were created in Paris for the years 1686-1689. They are illustrations of the wars that followed the Second Siege of Vienna, and depict the European victory over the Ottomans, with a visual vocabulary which consists of Roman and Christian components. Each engraving is described in detail with an emphasis on the iconography in this study. By explaining what their iconographic components are, and what they mean, it will be possible to analyze the European perception of the Ottomans, and see how the Roman and Christian symbols and iconography were re-loaded and utilized while depicting "the enemy" during the years of war. The employment of such iconography will also show that the wars with the Ottomans were given a place in the historical understanding and expectations that the symbolism which these engravings use.