The present study was undertaken to determine the Turkish people's cognitive level and perception on the concept of animal rights. For this aim, a questionnaire was developed for collecting data and was applied to participants in seven provinces which are considered to represent geographical regions of Turkey. The survey was applied by interviewing with 2016 participants individually. The responses to the questions of animal protection, animal rights issues and regional differences are grouped themselves after the evaluation of survey data and analysed statistically. The results are given as: Those who think animal rights is not sufficient consideration in Turkey, members of animal protection societies and disapproving sterilization are showed more positive attitude towards animal rights concept than the others (P<0.001). Furthermore as a result of the study it was revealed that the attitude shown towards animal rights varies by geographic region of residence.