Development of a disposable electrochemical sensor for detection of cholesterol using differential pulse voltammetry


Nawaz M. A. H. , Majdinasab M., Latif U., Nasir M., Gokcec G., Anwar M. W. , ...More

JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS, vol.159, pp.398-405, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 159
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jpba.2018.07.005
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS
  • Page Numbers: pp.398-405

Abstract

In this study, a sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor was fabricated by usinga screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE), multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) for detecting cholesterol. MWCNTs were functionalized with benzoic acid moiety by employing diazonium salt chemistry, and, subsequently, a thin film of functionalized CNTs were coated on the surface of SPCE. Afterwards, beta-CD was immobilized on functionalized MWCNTs modified SPCE which acts as a host to recognize guest (cholesterol) molecule specifically. Under the optimal experimental conditions and using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) as transduction technique the sensor was able to detect cholesterol level ranges from 1 nM to 3 mu M, with a detection limit of 0.5 nM. Specificity of the developed sensor towards target analyte (cholesterol) was confirmed in the presence of common interfering species including glucose, uric acid and ascorbic acid. The applicability of proposed sensor was also demonstrated for cholesterol determination in human serum samples with good recovery results (94-96%) and maximum RSD (relative standard deviation) of 4.5%. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.