Structural and geomorphological aspects of the Kat landslides (Tokat-Turkey) and susceptibility mapping by means of GIS

Yilmaz I. , Yildirim M.

ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY, vol.50, no.4, pp.461-472, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00254-005-0107-y
  • Title of Journal : ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.461-472


Kat County, which is located in a slope of hilly region and constructed in the side of a mountain along the North Anatolian Fault Zone, is frequently subject to landslides. The slides occur during periods of heavy rainfall, and these events cause destruction to property, roads, agricultural lands and buildings. In the last few decades, a lot of houses and buildings have been damaged and destroyed. Settlement areas have remained evacuated for a long time. The slope instabilities in the study area are a complex landslide extending from north to south containing a lot of landslides. Field investigations, interpretation of aerial photography, analyses of geological data and laboratory tests suggest that some factors have acted together on the slopes to cause the sliding. In the wet season, the slopes became saturated. As the saturation of the earth material on the slope causesa rise in water pressure, the shear strength (resisting forces) decreases and the weight (driving forces) increases; thus, the net effect was to lower the safety factor. Previous failures have affected the rock mass, leading to the presence of already sheared surfaces at residual strengths. The relation between the joint planes and the instability of the slope in the study area was discussed and it was found that the potential slope instabilities are mainly in the directions of NW-SE, NE-SW and N-S. The landslide susceptibility map obtained by using the geographical information system showed that a large area is susceptible and prone to landslides in the northern part of the study area.