Esophageal foreign bodies: 177 cases

Nadir A., Sahin E., Nadir I., Karadayi S., Kaptanoglu M.

DISEASES OF THE ESOPHAGUS, vol.24, no.1, pp.6-9, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1442-2050.2010.01085.x
  • Title of Journal : DISEASES OF THE ESOPHAGUS
  • Page Numbers: pp.6-9


P>The aim of this study is to assess patients treated for esophageal foreign bodies. The charts of patients (n = 177), between January 1994 and April 2009, were investigated retrospectively. Patients' age and gender, locations and types of foreign bodies (FBs) and interventions were taken into consideration. Fifty-seven percent of the patients were male. The youngest patient was 6 months, whereas the oldest was 83 years old. The median age was 9 years. Half of the patients were in their first decade. Treatment took place 11 h (ranging from 1 to 120 h) after impaction of the FB. One hundred fifty-two FBs were removed in 177 patients. Our negative esophagoscopy (n = 25) rate was 14%. The FBs were radiopaque in 75% (n = 114) and were commonly (71%; n = 109) located in the cervical esophagus. Metallic coins (n = 81-53%) were the most commonly observed inorganic FB while bones and/or meat impaction (n = 54-35%) were the most frequent organic FB. A total of 182 endoscopic interventions were performed on these patients. One hundred eleven of them were esophagoscopy and the remaining 71 were direct laryngoscopy. The FB was pushed into the stomach in 11 patients. Our morbidity rate was 1.6% (n = 3). Iatrogenic perforation occurred in two patients. There was no mortality. Esophageal FBs may vary in type: sharp or round objects, metallic, plastic or organic material. FBs are commonly found at pharyngoesophageal junction and usually removed by McGill forceps. Rigid esophagoscopy is used for children and adults because of its large working channel. Rigid instruments are considered reliable and safe for extracting foreign bodies.