HEAVY METAL ADSORPTION BY DEWATERED IRON-CONTAINING WASTE SLUDGE


YILDIZ S. , Sevinc S.

ECOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND ENGINEERING S-CHEMIA I INZYNIERIA EKOLOGICZNA S, cilt.25, ss.431-456, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 25 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1515/eces-2018-0030
  • Dergi Adı: ECOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND ENGINEERING S-CHEMIA I INZYNIERIA EKOLOGICZNA S
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.431-456

Özet

Drinking water treatment plants produce significant amounts of waste sludge. In this study, removal of Nickel ion by use of wastewater sludge was aimed. The adsorption capability of waste sludge was optimized with varying physical parameters such as pH, adsorbent dosage, adsorbate concentration, contact time, shaking speed and temperature. Initial concentration was set as 25 mg/dm(3), absorbent dose was set as 0.3 g/cm(3), and temperature was set as 25 degrees C. Compliance of balance data with Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and D-R isotherm models was investigated. The highest R-2 values were obtained with Freundlich isotherm (R-2 = 0.92-0.95). Adsorption kinetics was analysed using pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, Weber and Morris intraparticle diffusion and Elovich kinetic models, and the system was found to be in a better compliance with pseudo-second order kinetic model. Iron sludge was used as sorbent, and accordingly total iron ion measurements were carried out to determine its possible effects on water. Additionally, SEM, EDX, FTIR spectroscopy, XRD spectrum and atomic force microscope (AFM) measurements were conducted to determine the interaction between the sorbent and metal ions, in addition to characterization of the sorbent. As indicated by research results, drinking water treatment sludge proved to be a potential adsorbent for removal of nickel(II) ions from the solution.