Effects of finite nuclear size and finite nuclear mass are investigated for muonic atoms and muonic ions embedded in the Debye plasma. Both nuclear charge radii and nuclear masses are taken into account with experimentally determined values. In particular, isotope shifts of bound state energies, radial probability densities, transition energies, and binding energies for several atoms are studied as functions of Debye length. The theoretical model based on semianalytical calculations, the Sturmian expansion method, and the perturbative approach has been constructed, in the nonrelativistic frame. For some limiting cases, the comparison with previous most accurate literature results has been made. Published by AIP Publishing.