Predatory journals: Who publishes in them and why?


JOURNAL OF INFORMETRICS, vol.12, no.4, pp.1296-1311, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.joi.2018.10.008
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF INFORMETRICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.1296-1311


This sequential explanatory mixed-methods study investigated where predatory/fake journals (PFJs) are founded, which countries' researchers publish more frequently in PFJs, the identity of the editors of PFJs, why researchers publish in PFJs, and what factors encourage such publications. A survey and semi-structured follow-up interviews were used to collect data. The results indicate that the majority of PFJs are located in developing countries; 119 journals provided incorrect postal addresses; the greatest number of researchers who published in PFJs are from India, Nigeria, and Turkey, suggesting that most of the publications in PFJs are submitted by researchers in developing countries; the interviewed Turkish researchers submitted their articles to PFJs in pursuit of rapid academic promotion; the incentive allowance system encourages researchers to publish in PFJs; and the well-known "publish-or-perish" pressure and unawareness are other potential factors that drive participants to submit their papers to PFJs. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.