Recent studies have shown that proton pump inhibitors have positive effects on the nervous system. However, its effect on epileptic seizure and neuronal damage are still unclear. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the effect of pantoprazole on pentylenetetrazole-induced epileptic seizures in rats and neurotoxicity in the SH-SY5Y cell line. Animals were divided into three groups: control, saline (1 mL/kg serum physiologic), and pantoprazole (10 mg/kg). Pentylenetetrazole (45 mg/kg) was given to induce a seizure and a passive avoidance test trial was carried out to evaluate memory function. 8-hydroxy-2 '-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), caspase-3, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels were measured in the brain by commercial kits. SH-SY5Y cells were treated with saline or pantoprazole for one hour, and then pentylenetetrazole (30 mu m) was added to the medium to induce neurotoxicity. After 24 h, cell viability, total antioxidant, total oxidant status, and apoptosis were measured in SH-SY5Y cells. It was found that pantoprazole treatment postponed epileptic seizure onset, protected memory, reduced 8-OHdG, caspase-3, and also increased BDNF in the brain. In addition, it blocked pentylenetetrazole toxicity, apoptosis, increased antioxidant, and decreased oxidant status in SH-SY5Y cells. Pantoprazole significantly improved seizure, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Thus, pantoprazole could be used as a supportive therapeutic agent in epilepsy.