The evolution of travertine masses in the Sivas area (Central Turkey) and their relationships to active tectonics


MESCİ B. L. , GÜRSOY H. , TATAR O.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, vol.17, no.2, pp.219-240, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.219-240
  • Keywords: active tectonics, earthquake, Sivas Basin, Sicak Cermik, travertine, travitonics, U/Th age dating, Quaternary geology, MORPHOLOGY, BASIN, AGES

Abstract

Sicak Cermik, Delikkaya and Sarikaya are important travertine fields with active hot springs located 31 km west of Sivas. Based on their morphology, most of the travertines are classified as fissure-ridge travertines. Eroded sheet-type, terraced, and self-built channel types of travertine are also present at a few locations. Faults and fissures formed in the underlying incesu Formation, and fissures developing in the fissure-ridge travertines are linked to one another. Tectonic deformation forming the fissure-ridge travertines resulted from NE-SW extension associated with a NW-SE compressional regime related to the Central Anatolian Thrust Belt and Sivas Backthrust.