KINETIC AND ISOTHERM ANALYSIS OF Cu(II) ADSORPTION ONTO ALMOND SHELL (Prunus dulcis)


YILDIZ S.

ECOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND ENGINEERING S-CHEMIA I INZYNIERIA EKOLOGICZNA S, cilt.24, ss.87-106, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 24 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1515/eces-2017-0007
  • Dergi Adı: ECOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND ENGINEERING S-CHEMIA I INZYNIERIA EKOLOGICZNA S
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.87-106

Özet

In the work, adsorption of Cu2+ ions onto almond shell were investigated under different operational conditions. Almond shell was used without any pretreatment prior to the tests. The optimum conditions for adsorption of Cu2+ ions through almond shell were determined to be; pH 5.0, temperature 20 degrees C, shaking rate 125 rpm, sorbent dose 0.3 g and initial Cu2+ ion concentration 50 mg/dm(3). The equilibrium duration of the system was 60 minutes. The sorption capacities of the sorbents were predicted with the aid of equilibrium and kinetic models. The interactions of peanut shell with metal ions were constituted by SEM, EDX, FT-IR, XRD and AFM. The pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, Weber-Morris, Elovich model and Bangham kinetic models were applied to test the experimental data. The Cu+2 ions adsorption onto almond shell was better defined by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, for initial pH. The equilibrium data were evaluated using Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, D-R and Harkins Jura isotherms. The highest R-2 value in isotherm studies was obtained from Langmiur isotherm (R-2 = 0.98) for the inlet concentration.