Researchers undertook a cross-sectional study to examine socioeconomic disparities, unintended pregnancies, and decisions about induced abortions among ever-married women in the urban area of Sivas, Turkey. The data for the present study were gathered from a randomly-selected, household-based probability sample of 1,264 ever-married Turkish women. Unintended pregnancies accounted for 46.2% of total pregnancies and, of these, 30% ended in induced abortion. The proportion of induced abortion among all pregnancies was 21.7%. Multiple logistic regression analyses with adjusted odds ratios (aOR) showed that being aged less than 35 years (aOR = 2.14, p < 0.001), having less than a high school education (aOR = 2.18, p < 0.001), being unemployed (aOR = 2.77, p < 0.001), having more than three children (aOR = 1.54, p = 0.006), and having lower income (aOR = 2.11, p < 0.001) were associated with unintended pregnancies. Among women with unintended pregnancy, having more than three children (aOR = 3.06, p < 0.001), lower income (aOR = 3.39, p < 0.001), and age less than 35 years (aOR = 2.57, p < 0.001) were associated with induced abortion. These findings suggest that lower socioeconomic status was associated with induced abortion among women facing an unintended pregnancy. Women who experience unintended pregnancies, who have lower socioeconomic status and education level, should be the target group for midwives and other relevant healthcare providers for educational efforts regarding family planning and contraception.